Regional Development Australia - Kimberley
Regional Development Australia - Kimberley

--- The Kimberley--- Kimberley Placement map

Covering nearly 423,000 square kilometres, the Kimberley region is bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean, on the north by the Timor Sea, on the south by the Great Sandy and Tanami Deserts, and on the east by the Northern Territory.

This ancient region has fewer people per square kilometre than almost any other place on Earth, where an estimated 39,099 (2014) people live in a magnificent and complex landscape that represents one sixth of Western Australia’s land mass; equivalent to twice the size of Victoria.


The Kimberley has a tropical monsoon climate, with warm dry winters (May to October) and humid, often wet summers (November to April). It is one of the hottest parts of Australia, with the average annual mean temperature around 27 °C and with mean maximum temperatures almost always above 30 °C.

Natural Attractions, Flora and Fauna

The region is home to many stunning national parks and several World Heritage Listed areas including Geikie Gorge National Park, Mitchell River National Park, Purnululu National Park - Bungle Bungle Ranges, Tunnel Creek / Windjana Gorge National Parks and Wolfe Creek Meteorite Crater National Park and the Rowley Shoal and Camden Sound Marine Parks.  This rugged and diverse landscape is home to a dazzling array of animals from the huge humpback whale to the tiny endangered bilby, more than 300 species of birds and well over 2,000 species of plants.

Areas and Industry

The Kimberley region consists of the local government areas of Broome, Derby-West Kimberley, Halls Creek and Wyndham-East Kimberley, with six major town centres being Broome, Derby, Fitzroy Crossing, Halls Creek, Kununarra and Wyndham. The Kimberley has a diverse regional economy with mining, construction, tourism, retail and agriculture the major contributors to the region’s economic output. The town of Broome has a strong pearling industry; approximately one third of the world's annual production of diamonds is mined at the Argyle Diamond Mine and agriculture flourishes on the many pastoral leases and within the Ord River Irrigation Area.

Indigenous Culture

The region is culturally rich with approximately half the population comprising Aboriginal people that represent more than 30 traditional Aboriginal language groups. Aboriginal participation in the mainstream economy, through employment and emerging commercial operations and markets, is increasing. 

Economic Plans for the Future

The Kimberley Development Commission has drawn up a long term economic plan for the Kimberley region called the Kimberley Regional Investment Blueprint. The Blueprint is a plan for aspirational, balanced and sustainable levels of regional growth to 2036 and beyond. Download the Regional Investment Blueprint.  For further Kimberley Development Commission information regarding the Kimberley please click here or go to ABS Statistics