Finfish, including high value emperors, snappers and cods, are a principle focus for fisheries in the Kimberley. There are also significant fisheries for Spanish mackerel, barramundi, threadfin salmon and shark as well as limited-entry trawl fisheries for prawns. The Kimberley’s fishing industry was valued at $7 million in 2011-12.
The aquaculture industry in the Kimberley is dominated by pearling and barramundi farms. Pearling first commenced in the region in the 1870s and is focused on the production of South Sea pearls from the pearl oyster Pinctada maxima. WA South Sea pearls, known for their smoothness, lustre and large size, are marketed both within Australia and internationally. The pearling industry was worth about $67 million in 2014, making it the second most valuable fishing industry in WA after rock lobster.